WHAT ARE CANNABINOIDS?
Cannabinoids are the compounds found in marijuana plants that lead to various effects on the human body. There are over 85 identified cannabinoids, and research continues to uncover more about their effects.
The Endocannabinoid System
The cannabinoid system is not found in marijuana plants, but instead in our own bodies. It is made up of neuro-chemicals and receptors that receive the "message" from cannabinoids and bring about the benefits associated with consuming marijuana. CB1 receptors are primarily located in the brain and CB2 receptors are mostly found in the immune system.
Important Cannabinoids and Their Effects
CBD (Cannabidiol): CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that has been shown to have various medical benefits, such as treating anxiety, insomnia, and cancer. It may also promote the growth of brain cells and bones.
CBDa (Cannabidiolic Acid): CBDa, found in high amounts in some strains of marijuana, turns into CBD when heated. Although more research is needed, studies suggest it may have cancer-fighting and anti-emetic properties.
THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol): THC is famous for its psychoactive effects, including euphoria, and can be useful in treating pain, nausea, sleep disorders, and stress disorders.
THCa (Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid): THCa turns into THC when heated and has anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, and anti-emetic properties. It may also fight prostate cancer.
CBN (Cannabinol): CBN is a mildly psychoactive cannabinoid that is created from the degradation of THC. It is most effective for treating insomnia, glaucoma, and pain and is better for sedation purposes than other cannabinoids.